Candidiasis is not necessarily a sexually transmitted disease, contamination through intimate relationships being quite rare. “Candida” is a fungus that we all have present in our body, in balance with a variety of other bacteria. It lives on the skin or mucous membranes, usually in the gut and in the mouth. It causes Candidiasis and becomes infectious only when certain imbalances occur in the human body.

In every body there are harmless and harmful bacteria. Excessive consumption of antibiotics sometimes manages to destroy not only the micro-organisms on which the intervention is desired, but also those “useful” ones, allowing Candida to multiply.

In addition, the dietary imbalance, the excessive consumption of certain foods over others, has the same undesirable effect as in the case of antibiotic abuse.

The immune system is strong if it has consistent proportions between calcium, magnesium and iron. If one of these substances is deficient, there also appear “holes” in the thorough physiological organization of the defense system. The most stressful periods of life bring with them the risk degradation of immunological stability, the body not being able anymore to face attacks carried out by various external factors.

At women, iron and calcium content is subject to changes including during menstruation, and after menopause when there are multiple changes throughout the entire body, Candida can find a very favorable ground.

Hormone-based products, such as contraceptive pills, steroids and even certain medications, often influence the chemical processes in the human body, and they usually lead to dysfunction that damages health.

Even clothes can favor abnormal development of Candida. In this regard, it is not recommended to use synthetic underwear or frequently wear tight pants.

Soaps and gels used in daily hygiene, which have a high content of soda, have a hard action and their regular use can deteriorate the pH of the body. For this reason, it is advisable the use with predilection products with a pH very close to that of the human body.

Candidiasis is an infection with a fairly large spreading degree, most women having such a bad experience at least once in their life. Men are much less exposed to such contamination, by their constitution being somewhat more resistant, thus benefiting from a much stronger immune system.

The disease can affect the oral cavity, the skin, but most often it settles in the genital area, where it can develop without betraying its presence by any symptoms. In the case of women, the most common “signals” are burning sensations accompanied by itching on the surface of the vulva and the areas around it.

At the same time, there is also a secretion under the form of a drain, with white to yellowish color, with a thick cheesy appearance. During urination burning sensations are possible, and sexual contact takes place with the discomfort of a mild pain.

Men usually accuse intense irritations accompanied by burning and itching, painful urination and urethral discharge. The signs, not the disease itself, may disappear before any treatment.

Oral Candidiasis affects the mouth and/or the area around it, being materialized as a white “foam” installed on the irritated skin. Attempts to remove it (by scratching or picking) cause bleeding.

The diagnosis is made by the doctor after the laboratory examination of the genital secretions or by the sampling of the lesions present on the skin or in the oral cavity. Blood tests are done only when the disease reappears immediately after treatment or if the initial symptoms, instead of improving, worsen.

Candidiasis occurs in a similar and common way as many other infections, which is why diagnosis is established only by a specialized physician, according to analyzes.

Treatment is not expensive, lasts at maximum seven days and consists in: ovules, creams or oral treatment (depending on the affected area).

In most cases, women are receiving vaginal ovules which cure both inside and outside. Their insertion into the vagina will be done in the evening in order to stay in contact with the existent irritation as long as possible. While standing up, the remaining unabsorbed substance drips on the panties, thus ensuring the maintenance of drug substances on the outer surfaces (the skin).

Men, if they are not given pills, local application ointments are recommended. Mouth cavity cannot be treated by applying creams, in these cases the only remaining alternative is the oral drug therapy (pills).

Regardless of the method used throughout the therapy, certain strict hygiene rules must be followed. Areas affected by infection should be cleaned with mild soaps or gels, if possible with neutral pH. Underwear should be changed often enough and washed frequently at high temperatures (cotton can be boiled).

Before applying ovules or creams, hands must be disinfected with soap and water in abundance. Because the rectum is a rich source of specific bacteria, even if there are no infections in that area, it is good for female genitalia to be washed from top to bottom, to the anus... no way around.

The treatment is to be administered exactly as long as your doctor recommends it. If interrupted before, the infection will not heal completely, and if prolonged, it can lead to immunity to those active substances. If needed again in the future, medicines will not have the desired effect, thus extending the period of treatment or even needing changing the therapy.

In the case of people with HIV, candidiasis is very difficult to cure. There is the danger of transmission in the blood, causing severe diseases to the lungs, heart valves or diseases of the brain and kidneys.

Frequent infections with Candida are also dangerous. It can be a warning sign that announces that in the body there are more serious diseases, such as: diabetes, leukemia or AIDS.

Due to the multitude of favoring factors, it is difficult to completely avoid the development of mycoses.

It is recommended a greater attention to the personal hygiene, but also to the food which must be balanced, varied and rich in vitamins.